Leopard Gecko Care Sheet
Habitat:Dry to semi-arid desert areas. Leopard geckos are nocturnal and nocturnal animals, i. During the day they hide in earth caves or under stones (in the terrarium, it is quite possible that one can observe the geckos during the day outside of their hiding places and in leopard).
Mark:The basic color is yellow with subordinate black dots (just a typical "leopard pattern"). The original tail is gekirtelt. The feet have no adhesive lamellae and the toes end in a small claw. Through their mobile eyelids ("Lidgeckos") the leopard geckos are able to close their eyes (this can be seen very well during feed intake, for example). The underside of the belly is white and in pregnant females one can see the eggs shining through.
Determining Gender:Male leopard geckos which have reached an age of about 3 - 4 months, have 2 characteristic features, which allow them to be clearly distinguished from the females. The pre-anal pores (upper arrow) of males have clearly visible centers. The scales are clearly lifted off the others and can be seen so well, these are only small dots in the females.
The "behind-the-neck" area in the males (lower arrow) is dilated and forms a pair of swellings. With older geckos one can already see the swellings if one looks at the gecko from the side. Females do not even have these swellings.
Size:Leopard geckos reach a size of up to 25cm, the females stay a little smaller.
The tail:As with all geckos, the leopard gecko can throw off its tail and regenerate at risk from a certain segment at risk. The tail trembles for a few minutes after dropping to focus attention on the tail and not on the gecko. So the leopard gecko still has time to flee.
The tail grows back within a few months, but not in the same color as the first tail and the shape does not look quite so beautiful. In the tail also food reserves are stored, which can be seen if the tail is very large and wide.
Shedding/MoltingAn important and recurrent event is molting. Regularly one can observe, how the animals suddenly pale, after one or two days the "Leo" is almost white. The time of molting has come. The animal has grown again a few millimeters and does not fit into his dress anymore. Now stretched and stretched, the body rubbed against stone and rock, until the Leo is out of the old skin. If sprayed regularly, that's fine, the gecko will quickly get rid of its old skin. The own, old skin is eaten. This gives back valuable nutrients and belongs in the diet.
Terrarium Furniture:I hold my leopard geckos (2 females) since April 2019 in a terrarium with the dimensions 80x40x50 cm (length x depth x height).
As a substrate, I use only fine box sand (about 10 cm high).
As a shelter, decoration and climbing possibility I have a large cave in the terrarium and furthermore an artificial tree trunk half, which provides with several holes for further hiding possibilities. Ideally, a cave should be present for each leopard gecko habitat kept, and a cave should always be kept slightly wetter.
Furthermore, I use as decoration + climbing possibility even a larger branch with branches that are gladly climbed by the Leopard geckos. In addition, there is also the possibility to make a climbing wall for the Leos. The lighting consists of a 60 watt spot heater (Basking Spot), which hangs from the inside directly on the ceiling of the terrarium and heats a large stone (under the light cone, the temperature goes up to 40 ° C). For the leopard geckos, this spotlight, however, can not be reached.
The lighting is switched on during the summer months (from February to the end of November) for about 12 hours by means of an electronic timer. From 7:00 pm to approx. 11:00 pm, a (blue) 50 watt moonlight lighting will automatically switch on. The average terrarium temperature during the summer months is 28-30 ° C during the day and drops to about 20 ° C during the night.
In the months of December to January, the lighting is then regulated down to 6-8 hours, the moonlight is completely eliminated. The terrarium temperature during the day should be only about 20 ° C and fall at night to below 10 ° C.
Of course, I always offer the animals in the terrarium a bowl of fresh drinking water. Spraying (by means of pressure atomiser) because of the humidity I do about 3-4 times a week just before the lights turn off. This is the average humidity